CPEC & Gwadar at a Glance
Gwadar has climbed up to new heights now with the launching of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). The CPEC reduces China’s route from the Indian Ocean to 3,000km across Pakistani territory from the Gwadar Port and avoids the Straits altogether. It facilities trade by rood and rail, while at the same time boosting oil and gas pipelines through infrastructure enhancement. Gwadar has a 200,000 ton tanker capacity, which present unmatched opportunities for boosting global economic interactivity within Pakistan. Located strategically at the mouth of the Corridor, yet at the confluence of most of the world’s oil-producing states, Gwadar automatically becomes one of the larger transshipment ports. It is envisaged to have an international airport, crude oil refineries and the ability to dock larger ships, turning it into a robust trade and transportation hub.
Gwadar because of its deep seaport will undoubtedly retain the future economic prosperity of Pakistan in a prominent role. With an investment of 46 billion U.S Dollars and scores of infrastructure projects, the ongoing construction of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is undoubtedly one of the largest endeavors now taking place on the planet that will transform the future for all the countries involved.
CPEC, which includes Roods, Energy Projects, Industrial Parks and the Gwadar Port, will satisfy Pakistan’s immediate needs as well as helping the country get back on its feet. Near future plans for the port area includes the construction of a Free Trade Zone, a Special Economic Zone, a Coastal Expressway, an International Airport and a Pipeline linking Iran.
All in all, the CPEC caries vital strategic and financial benefit for the whole Pakistan. Under this project, China and Pakistan will be working together for enhancing political mutual trust, expanding economic and trade cooperation and deepening cultural and educational exchanges.
Major projects of CPEC
Gwadar’s Alluring History
A mixture of history and legend, link the Gwadar region with the time of the Prophet Dawood, when people entombed themselves to avoid famine.
Gwadar district, with its 600 kilometers long pristine, blue water coastline and the un-irrigated tracts of Kalanch and Dasht Valleys have always had an important place in Makran’s history. History records that this area was said to be possessed by the Great Iranian King Kaus, followed by the mighty Afrasiab of Turan. After these two there is a long list of rulers to the year 325 BC. Gwadar was ruled under the Macedonian’s rule for 22 years when Alexander the Great, incidentally found the sea in this area on his way from India to Macedonia.
Alexander’s general lost it to Chandragupta in 303 BC. Then the tract of Gwadar’s history is lost in darkness for centuries. In the last quarter of the eighteenth century, Gwadar and the surrounding country fell into the hands of Muscat. The first Afghan War (1838-39) directed attention of the British to the area. Manor Goldsmith visited the area in 1861 and an Assistant Political Agent was appointed in Gwadar in 1863.
After partition of the subcontinent in 1958, Gwadar and its surounding area was reverted back from Muscat to Pakistan and was made a tehsil of Makran district. On 1st July 1977, Gwadar was notified as a district with its headquarters at Gwadar Town. Some historical building still stand as silent spectators of its splendid history.
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