GWADAR: A RICH HISTORY

EARLY HISTORY

Meaning “Door of Wind” in Balochi Gwadar has had a long and illustrious history with a wide cultural variety of inhabitants. The region has also had a mélange of resultant influences. The earliest mention of the Gwadar region in history books is Greek historian Herodotus’ histories when Alexander’s armies came to Makran. Following that it has been documented that Hazrat Umar travelled to Makran to preach Islam to the natives. Also well documented in history are the Portuguese attempts to invade the coastal areas of Balochistan which were successfully fended off for quite some time but eventually the Baloch defense capitulated.

In the 18th century Mir Noori Naseer Khan, the Khan of Kalat annexed Gwadar and included it in the Khanate of Kalat. In 1783 Said bin Ahmad was elected Imam of Oman and was eventually forced to flee the country. One of his brothers, Saif Sultan, sailed to Gwadar where the Khan granted him protection and gave him the land with the understanding that it will be returned once Sultan became Imam. However, after capturing the throne in 1797, Sultan did not return Gwadar to Kalat. The resultant dispute caused the British to intervene and declare Sultan the sovereign of Gwadar.


Gwadar, Balochistan

RECENT HISTORY

Meaning “Door of Wind” in Balochi Gwadar has had a long and illustrious history with a wide cultural variety of inhabitants. The region has also had a mélange of resultant influences. The earliest mention of the Gwadar region in history books is Greek historian Herodotus’ histories when Alexander’s armies came to Makran. Following that it has been documented that Hazrat Umar travelled to Makran to preach Islam to the natives. Also well documented in history are the Portuguese attempts to invade the coastal areas of Balochistan which were successfully fended off for quite some time but eventually the Baloch defense capitulated.

In the 18th century Mir Noori Naseer Khan, the Khan of Kalat annexed Gwadar and included it in the Khanate of Kalat. In 1783 Said bin Ahmad was elected Imam of Oman and was eventually forced to flee the country. One of his brothers, Saif Sultan, sailed to Gwadar where the Khan granted him protection and gave him the land with the understanding that it will be returned once Sultan became Imam. However, after capturing the throne in 1797, Sultan did not return Gwadar to Kalat. The resultant dispute caused the British to intervene and declare Sultan the sovereign of Gwadar.

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